In a nutshell: the indigenous Gray or Timber Wolf (Canis lupus irremotus) was listed as endangered in 1973. In 1978, the entire species of Grey Wolf (including Canis lupus irremotus) were grouped into a single classification as Canis lupus and listed as endangered in 1978. This meant that even though certain subspecies of gray wolves never existed in the lower 48 they were listed as endangered there.
In 1982, the ESA of 1973 was amended to allow the introduction of experimental populations under the protection of the endangered species act and because all subspecies of gray wolf were listed as endangered it meant that any subspecies could be translocated and protected under the endangered species act, even if that subspecies never existed in the relocation area.
Site Relevance: Lobo Watch, wolf introduction, Rocky Mountain timber wolf , Canis Lupus Irremotus, MacKenzie Valley Gray Wolf , Canis lupus occidentallis, Predator Management,