Bottom line, the groundwork was laid to bring the largest and most aggressive subspecies of gray wolf in North America, the Canadian MacKenzie Valley Gray Wolf, into the United States, introduce it as a "nonessential experimental population" and protect it under the auspices of an endangered species, even though it was not indigenous to the areas of relocation and not endangered or threatened in its natural territory.
This federal register entry, dated November 11, 1994, clarifies,
Under section 10(j), a listed species reintroduced outside of its current range, but within its historic range, may be designated, at the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior (Secretary), as "experimental." This designation increases the Service`s flexibility and discretion in managing reintroduced endangered species because such experimental animals may be treated as a threatened species. The Act requires that animals used to form an experimental population be separated geographically from nonexperimental populations of the same species.
Additional management flexibility is possible if the experimental animals are found to be "nonessential" to the continued existence of the species in question. Nonessential experimental animals located outside national wildlife refuges or national park lands are treated for purposes of section 7 of the Act, as if they were only proposed for listing.
Site Relevance: Lobo Watch, wolf introduction, Rocky Mountain timber wolf , Canis Lupus Irremotus, MacKenzie Valley Gray Wolf , Canis lupus occidentallis, Predator Management,